A cricket field is just a synonym for cricket ground where cricket is played. A circular cricket field is considered as the perfect field but, in most of case, even in International matches cricket pitch is slightly oval. Cricket field is grassy ground with the cricket pitch nearly in the center. International Cricket Council (I.C.C) hasn't the fixed dimension of cricket field how big a cricket ground should be but, it has indicated the minimum range of a ground. A cricket ground should be minimum of diameter 137.16 meters(nearly minimum 68.5 from pitch to boundary) on the square of the pitch where as the shortest boundary should be 65 yards (nearly 59.50 meters) and longest boundary should be 90 yards(82.29 meters) from center of cricket pitch to the boundary which obviously made a cricket ground a elliptical in shape in most cases.
Few decades back, the boundary in cricket the ground was determined by the wall but, the degree of quality of cricket has increased in every sector from cricket clothes to the boundary. Now, a days thick rope is used as the boundary and the cricket field is all the area inside the boundary. There should be minimum of 3 yards gap between the boundary and the advertising boards now a days.
Cricket Pitch is the rectangular and distinct part of cricket field located nearly in the middle of cricket ground. Cricket pitch is the place where the batting and bowling of cricket, takes place. Unlike cricket field, the cricket pitch should be exact. A cricket pitch should be is well maintained and highly protected of cricket field as it is the most important part. A cricket pitch is hard to maintain, a cricket pitch is only used in game and never used in the practice session. For a practice session, a virtual cricket pitch is used.
Dimensions Of Cricket Pitch
Cricket Pitch is rectangular in shape. The length of cricket pitch (distance between two stumps) is 2012cm (22 yards) and breadth is 10 ft (3.05m). Two white lines are made between the two stumps a the distance of 122cm (1.22m) from each stump known as crease. A crease is used to determine the batsmen dismissal (Run Out or Stumping) and to check whether a balled delivery is no ball or not. There are two white lines made at the both sides of the wicket in both stumps to check whether a delivery is wide or not. Since, the distance of wide lines are different in ODI cricket and Test cricket, there are two lines created in on side of wicket, altogether 8 lines for two stumps. Its little unlikely to explain and understand the cricket pitch from the words. This photo will explain you the dimensions of a cricket pitch as indicated by ICC rules.
Construction Of Cricket Pitch
A good cricket can only be played in the cricket pitch with the good amount of height. Since, duke ball don't bounce much in the normal surface as the tennis ball, a cricket pitch is constructed in the same way where, the duke ball also bounces as expected. A cricket pitch don't look as simple when, it is constructed. And, also there are different types of cricket pitches and construction of different types of pitches is different. Click here for the more detail about the Construction of Cricket Pitch,
Cricket Pitch Types
A game of cricket is totally defined by the type of cricket pitch. A cricket game can be a high scoring or low scoring according to the type and condition of cricket pitch. So, as mentioned above, cricket pitch is the most important factor that decides the game of cricket. Though, cricket pitch are of different type, there are not any rules to many many types of cricket pitch there are. Some might say slow pitch and bouncy pitch some might give a bunch of list as: greeny wicket, bouncy wicket, rough wicket etc. Here, are the types of cricket pitches, we prefer to define:
Green Wicket: As indicated by name, a pitch which contains green grass is green wicket. Green wicket supports the seam bowling. Since, green pitch can only be made in cool moist environment, green pitch is generally found in New Zealand and England especially.
Bouncy Pitch:A pitch where ball comes to the batsmen fast and ball bounces much is known as bouncy pitch. Bouncy pitch supports fast bowlers and stroke playing batsmen. Generally, bouncy pitch is found in Australia and South Africa.
Slow Pitch: Pitch which has no grass and which is not bouncy with ball coming little slow after hitting the ground is called slow pitch. Slow pitch is generally found in subcontinent(India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh). Generally, pitches in subcontinent are and helpful for spin bowlers.